When this article was written (June 2012) the Montpelier Foundation was in the middle of a multi-year study of the enslaved community at Montpelier and we had completed excavations at two home sites located adjacent to the Montpelier mansion--the subject of this article. A key part of this study is to examine differences in architecture, yard organization, and material culture found at several early nineteenth-century homes of the enslaved community. So far, this study has noted radical differences in the architectural style of homes for slaves residing 50 feet from each other. These differences relate to the labor roles of the enslaved and the proximity of these homes to the formal grounds of the mansion. In contrast to these differences, material possessions indicate similarities regarding the degree of access to household goods. The complex interplay of landscape design, labor roles, and intra-community relationships can be seen in the archaeological remains of the slave community at Montpelier. This paper will describe how these patterns are visible in the archaeological record and how we are beginning to define these relationships.