During the winter of 1863 and 1864, Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia camps spread across Orange County. The western-most section of these camps, under the command of General Cademus Wilcox, was at Montpelier. In the spring of 2002, Montpelier archaeologists determined that one of these was occupied by General Samuel McGowan’s South Caroline brigade.
The Confederate Camp and Freedman's Farm Trail is free and open to the public. The trail begins across the road from the Train Depot, through the McGowan winter encampments to the reconstructed Civil War huts, and onto the restored Gilmore Farm. This is just one of the many free hiking trails that you can walk along during your visit to Montpelier (see map below).
Trail Map of Montpelier--trails north of Route 20 are Civil War trail Click on trails to view description. View montpelier-paths in a larger map.
Check out Civil War Traveler for a map of many Civil War trails and camps.